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Posts: 926 | Thanked: 2,170 times | Joined on May 2011 @ Brazil
#137
Detailed description of some Debian images, suggested to Easy Debian Harmattan.

These images are Debian 5.0 lenny (February 2009) and/or 6.0 squeeze (February 2011) or Debian 7.0 wheezy (2012, in development).

1) Images where all Easy Debian Harmattan icons work :

1.a) Scientific version based on Qole's default Easy Debian image (04/08/2012), debian-m5-v3e-Sci-2GB.img.ext2.lzma (486 MB of download, ext2 type, 2GB after uncompressing, 176 MB available inside it).
Like the Qole's default image (debian-m5-v3e.img.ext), it is a mix of Debian lenny & squeeze, providing, besides LXDE :
- OpenOffice 3.2.1, Iceweasel/Firefox 3.5.15 (with Java JRE 1.6 and Flash 9.0.31), Icedove/Thunderbird 3.0.1;
- GIMP, Evince (reads PDF, PS and DVI), Leafpad text editor, Synaptic package manager, PC Man file manager, Open Java, Python 2.6.6, etc;
- sound support & tools, Aqualung, GNOME Alsa Mixer, Music Player, PulseAudio.
There are many additional softwares installed, mainly about programming and science :
- Abiword 2.8.2, Gnumeric 1.10.8, Geany and gedit programming text editors, TeXMaker / TeXLive;
- gFTP and SSVNC;
- wxMaxima 12.01 & Maxima 5.26.0, Yacas 1.2.2 CAS (Computer Algebra System);
- Python tools like IPython 0.10, NumPy 1.4.1, MatPlotLib 0.99.3, SciPy 0.7.2, SymPy 0.6.7, PyGlet 1.1.2, Cython, etc;
- gcc/g++ 4.4.5, make, dpkg-dev, etc.

1.b) Scientific version based on experimental Sulu's Debian wheezy image (13/08/2012), "debian-wheezy-sulu-Sci.img.ext2.lzma" (757MB compressed, ext2 type, 3.0 GB, 486MB free), with :
- LibreOffice 3.5.4, Abiword 2.9.2, Gnumeric 1.10.17, Iceweasel / Firefox 10.0.6 (with Java JRE 1.6.0 and Flash 10.1.399), Icedove / Thunderbird 10.0.5;
- TeXMaker / TeXLive;
- wxMaxima 12.04 & Maxima 5.27.0, Yacas 1.3.2 CAS (Computer Algebra System);
- Python 2.7.3 and IPython 0.13 (with notebook and Qt Console interfaces), NumPy 1.6.2, MatPlotLib 1.1.1, SciPy 0.10.1, Sympy 0.7.1, PyGlet 1.1.4, etc;
- gcc/g++/gFortran 4.6.3, make, etc;
- Leafpad, Xarchiver, Evince, gv, GIMP, Filezilla, gFTP, SSVNC, gedit, Geany, etc;
- no wallpaper and menu when "clicked" in desktop background;
- no sound tools;
- gedit .desktop is edited so its icon appears in "Programming" desktop menu, and "IPython Notebook" icon is added.
MeeGo '/etc/group' is not compatible with this image (so dpkg/apt-get install don't work). To revert its copy after "FixDebImg", as root inside Debian (icon "Debian Chroot"), go to the "/etc" directory and copy the "group.<current-date>" file back to "group".

2) other images where some Easy Debian Harmattan icons (outside LXDE) will not work due to not installed softwares. For example, from Qole's site there are Debian images from 2008 to 2012 :

2.a) Qole's default Easy Debian image for Maemo (28/11/2010), debian-m5-v3e.img.ext2.lzma (300MB, 2GB after uncompressing, 612MB available), using Debian lenny & squeeze. It has, besides LXDE :
- OpenOffice 3.2.1, Iceweasel/Firefox 3.5.15 (with Java JRE 1.6 and Flash 9.0.31), Icedove/Thunderbird 3.0.1;
- GIMP, Evince (reads PDF, PS and DVI), Leafpad text editor, Synaptic package manager, PC Man file manager, Open Java, Python 2.6.6, etc;
- sound support & tools, Aqualung, GNOME Alsa Mixer, Music Player, PulseAudio.

2.b) Estel's image using Debian squeeze (16/04/2012), debian-m5-estel.img.ext3.lzma (431MB, ext3 type, 3.1GB after uncompressing,1282 MB free). Its LXDE is optimized for screen space, with :
- LibreOffice 3.4.3, Icedove/Thunderbird 3.1.10, Python 2.6.6;
- Chromium 6.0.472 with Flash / Java plugins, but it doesn't open, error "Failed to move to new PID namespace: Operation not permitted";
- Leafpad, Xarchiver, Putty SSH Client, Evince, gv (GhostView), Aqualung, Brasero, GNOME Alsa Mixer, Music Player, PulseAudio, etc.
This image wouldn't mount the MeeGo "/home/user/" directory, but it currently has a bug in "/.debian/var/run/onfirstchroot-ext.rc" (4th line should be 'umount -f "$CHROOT/home/user") so it still mounts it.
If MeeGo "/home/user/" is not mounted, the virtual keyboard will not work inside LXDE. So if you want the virtual keyboard and to share MeeGo "/home/user/" with Debian, then open Debian X Terminal ("Debian Chroot" icon), change the file "/.debian/var/run/onfirstchroot-ext.rc" by commenting (with '#') the 2 lines with umount and the line with mount.
MeeGo '/etc/group' is not compatible with this image (so dpkg/apt-get install don't work). To revert its copy after "FixDebImg", as root inside Debian (icon "Debian Chroot"), go to the "/etc" directory and copy the "group.<current-date>" file back to "group".

2.c) Sulu's Debian squeeze image (07/04/2012), debian-m5-sulu.img.ext2.lzma (285MB compressed, ext2 type, 2.0GB, 852MB free), with :
- Abiword 2.8.2, Gnumeric 1.10.8, Iceweasel 3.5.16 (with Flash 9.0.31, without Java), Python 2.6.6;
- Chromium 6.0.472 with Flash / Java plugins, but it doesn't open, error "Failed to move to new PID namespace: Operation not permitted";
- Leafpad, Midnight Commander, Xarchiver, Xf (File Explorer, File Packager, Image, View, Writer), Claws Mail, ePDFViewer, gv (GhostView), ImageMagick, Geeqie;
- sound support & tools, Audacity, Music Player;
- there is no wallpaper and menu when "clicked" in desktop background;
- the default language is german, if needed, change by typing :
[root@m5sulu: /] dpkg-reconfigure locales
inside Debian X Terminal (tap "DebianChroot" icon).
MeeGo '/etc/group' is not compatible with this image (so dpkg/apt-get install don't work). To revert its copy after "FixDebImg", as root inside Debian (icon "Debian Chroot"), go to the "/etc" directory and copy the "group.<current-date>" file back to "group".

2.d) based on experimental Sulu's Debian squeeze image upgraded to wheezy (12/08/2012), debian-wheezy-upgrade-sulu.img.ext2.lzma (506MB compressed, ext2 type, 2.0GB, 240MB free), with :
- Abiword 2.9.2, Gnumeric 1.10.17, Iceweasel/Firefox 10.0.6 (without Flash / Java plugins), Python 2.7.3;
- Chromium ( 20.0.1132.57) doesn't work (there is a bug);
- Leafpad, Midnight Commander, Xarchiver, Xf (File Explorer, File Packager, Image, View, Writer), Claws Mail, ePDFViewer, gv (GhostView), ImageMagick, Geeqie, Audacity, Brasero, Music Player, VLC media player, etc;
- there is no wallpaper and menu when "clicked" in desktop background.
MeeGo '/etc/group' is not compatible with this image (so dpkg/apt-get install don't work). To revert its copy after "FixDebImg", as root inside Debian (icon "Debian Chroot"), go to the "/etc" directory and copy the "group.<current-date>" file back to "group".

2.e) based on experimental Estel's squeeze upgraded to wheezy (12/08/2012), debian-wheezy-upgrade-estel.img.ext3.lzma (1002MB compressed, ext3 image with 3.0 GB, 708MB free), with :
- LibreOffice 3.5.4, Iceweasel/Firefox 10.0.6 (without Flash / Java plugins), Icedove/Thunderbird 10.0.5, Python 2.7.3;
- Chromium doesn't work (there is a bug);
- Leafpad, Xarchiver, Putty SSH Client, Evince, gv (GhostView), Aqualung, Brasero, GNOME Alsa Mixer, Music Player, PulseAudio, etc;
- "/.debian/var/run/onfirstchroot-ext.rc" doesn't umount "/home/user/" so "/home/user" is shared with Maemo/MeeGo and virtual keyboard works inside LXDE;
- dpkg and apt-get will show warnings "Errors were encountered while processing: network-manager network-manager-gnome", which can be ignored.
MeeGo '/etc/group' is not compatible with this image (so dpkg/apt-get install don't work). To revert its copy after "FixDebImg", as root inside Debian (icon "Debian Chroot"), go to the "/etc" directory and copy the "group.<current-date>" file back to "group".

The most recommended and tested images are 1.a and 2.a.

Some configuration files of the Debian images are stored in "/home/user/.config/" : lxde, lxpanel, openbox, pcmanfm directories. To reset the configuration, run as root in MeeGo Terminal :
# cd /home/user/.config/
# rm -rf lxde lxpanel openbox pcmanfm
It is useful when switching from one Debian image to another yields strange look & feel.

See here some observations about Flash & Java plug-ins in Iceweasel/Firefox/Chromium.

If you want to change the size of an image, use a desktop Linux and X Terminal, e.g. :
$ resize2fs <image-file-name.img.ext3> 3072M
resizes a uncompressed image to 3.0 GB.
__________________
Python, C/C++, Qt and CAS developer. For Maemo/MeeGo/Sailfish :
Integral, Derivative, Limit - calculating mathematical integrals, derivatives and limits. SymPy - Computer Algebra System.
MatPlotLib - 2D & 3D plots in Python. IPython - Python interactive shell.
-- My blog about mobile & scientific computing ---
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Nexus 4 with Sailfish. Nokia N900 @ 1.1 GHz. N810. Nokia 9500. Psion Revo+.

Last edited by rcolistete; 12-29-2012 at 01:08 PM. Reason: Added tip to resize image.
 

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